undergraduate thesis
Brod-Posavina County's Youth Awareness of the HPV Infection

Igor Marinić (2016)
University North
University centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Metadata
TitleSvjesnost mladeži Brodsko-posavske županije o HPV infekciji
AuthorIgor Marinić
Mentor(s)Aleksandra Špoljarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Humani papiloma virusi ( eng. Human papilloma viruses – HPV ) skupina su virusa široko rasprostranjenih u populaciji koji, ovisno o tipu, uzrokuju nastanak dobroćudnih i zloćudnih promjena kože i sluznica. Do danas je zahvaljujući suvremenim metodama molekularne medicine otkriveno više od 130 tipova HPV-a. Neki tipovi povezuju se s dobroćudnim promjenama kože i sluznice, a neki sa zloćudnim bolestima. Genitalna infekcija HPV-om ima različite kliničke manifestacije i različito značenje kod žena i muškaraca. Ovisno o HPV tipu virusa, kod žena će se razviti ili kondilomi ili epitelne promjene vrata maternice ( premaligne promjene – CIN1, CIN 2 i CIN 3 ). Iako je HPV usko povezan s nastankom raka vrata maternice, on nije jedini faktor u nastanku. Najniža učestalost u Europi je u Grčkoj, a iznosi 6,9%. U Španjolskoj i Norveškoj učestalost je 17%, a u Švedskoj 13%. Rana dijagnoza premalignih i malignih lezija ženskog genitalnog trakta tradicionalno se radi citološkom analizom oljuštenih stanica vagine ili cerviksa. Dijagnoza HPV infekcije fokusirana je na identifikaciji koilocitičnih stanica, koje se stvaraju u vanjskom sloju pločastih ćelija uzetih iz cerviksa. PAPA test ili obrisak je način kako se može raditi probir za rak vrata maternice. Metode liječenja koje primjenjujemo mogu biti destruktivne metode (ekskohleacija, krioterapija, elektrokauterizacija). Liječenjem uklanjamo vidljive promjene na koži i sluznicama čime nastojimo smanjiti širenje promjena i značajno smanjiti mogućnost infekcije partnera oboljele osobe. Prevencija HPV infekcije je odgovorno spolno ponašanje svih dobnih skupina, a osobito adolescenata, te program cijepljenja primjenom cjepiva protiv HPV tipa 6,11,16 i 18. Rezultati dobiveni u ovom istraživanju pokazuju da ima povezanih čimbenika u odnosu na svjesnost mladeži o infekciji HPV-om, posebice vezano uz spol i mjesto stanovanja. Ostali čimbenici nisu statistički povezani sa točnim odgovorima. Suprotno očekivanjima, rezulati su pokazali da je mladež većim dijelom informirana o HPV-u.
KeywordsHPV viruses infections diagnosis treatment prevention
Parallel title (English)Brod-Posavina County's Youth Awareness of the HPV Infection
Committee MembersIvana Živoder (committee chairperson)
Aleksandra Špoljarić (committee member)
Marijana Neuberg (committee member)
GranterUniversity North
Lower level organizational unitsUniversity centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
PlaceKoprivnica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-10-26
Parallel abstract (English)
Human papilloma viruses are group of widely ranged viruses in population, that can, depend of type, cause benign or malignant changes in the skin and mucous membranes. Until today, it has been discoverd more than 130 types of HPV. Some types are connected with benign changes in the skin and mucous membranes, some with malignant. Genital infection has various clinical manifestations and different meaning between women and men. Depend of the HPV type, women will develop warts or epithelilal changes on the cervix (premalignant changes – CIN 1, CIN 2, CIN 3). Although HPV is closely connected with cervical cancer, he is not the only factor. Lowest frequency in Europe is in Greece, 6,9%. In Spain and Norway is 17%, in Sweden is 13%. Early diagnosis of premalignant and malignant lesion on woman genital tract is done with cytological analysis of cervix. Diagnosis is focused on identification of cells that form in outer layer of squamous cells taken from cervix. Pap smears is the method of screening for cervical cancer. Methods of treatment that we use can be destructive (excohleation, cryotherapy, electrocautery). With treatment we are removing visible changes in skin and mucous membranes, and trying to reduce the spread of changes. Also we are trying to reduce the possibility of infection of partner. Prevention of HPV is responsible sexual behaviour of all ages, especially adolescents, and vaccination program against HPV type 6,11,16 and 18. Results obtained in this research show that there are related factors in relation to youth awarenes of the HPV infection, esspecially regarded to sex and place of residence. Other factors are not statistically associated with accurate answers. Contrary to expectations, results show good youth awareness about HPV.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)HPV virusi infekcije dijagnostika liječenje prevencija
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:122:345050
CommitterJasna Kosić