undergraduate thesis
Sestrinska skrb pacijenata sa spinalnom ozljedom s osvrtom na komplikacije gastrointestinalnog trakta

Marko Plišo (2016)
University North
University centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Metadata
TitleSestrinska skrb pacijenata sa spinalnom ozljedom s osvrtom na komplikacije gastrointestinalnog trakta
AuthorMarko Plišo
Mentor(s)Jurica Veronek (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Ozljeda kralježnične moždine je ozljeda koju je teško liječiti, a osobe koje je dožive čeka dugotrajan rehabilitacijski program. Njezine medicinske, psihološke, socijalne i ekonomske posljedice su katastrofalne za stradalu osobu, obitelj, te užu i širu zajednicu. Specijaliziranim rehabilitacijskim pristupom multidisciplinarnog tima posljedice mogu biti ublažene, uz maksimaliziranje preostalih sposobnosti. Posljedice ozljede leđne moždine najčešće su vrlo teške i kao takve imaju mnogostruke značaje. Od samog stradalog i njegove obitelji koja se mora suočiti s novonastalom situacijom svoga najbližega, preko medicinskog osoblja koje je odgovorno za liječenje i njegu, pa sve do raznih čimbenika društva koji snose društvene i finacijske terete zbog radne nesposobnosti i teške invalidnosti. Često se dogodi da se u rehabilitacijskom procesu doživi i svojevrsni neuspjeh, što zbog pogrešnog pristupa i ustrajnosti kod članova multidisciplinarnog tima ili najčešće zbog otpora stradale osobe prema samom procesu a sve kao posljedica teškog prihvačanja novonastalog stanja. U radu je opisan značaj rehabilitacije osobe s ozljedom leđne moždine kao i način na koji multidisciplinarni tim a posebice medicinska sestra ili tehničar doprinose u procesu izlječenja ili umanjenja tegoba kod pacijenata s ovom vrstom ozljede. Uz mnogobrojne zdravstvene i socijalne komplikacije koje se događaju kod pacijenta s ozljedom leđne moždine poseban osvrt u ovom radu pridodat će se na sprječavanje komplikacija gastrointestinalnog trakta koji predstavlja ozbiljan problem u rehabilitaciji ali i nakon nje. Uz kvalitetnu edukaciju samog pacijenta i njegove obitelji ta vrsta komplikacija i svi problemi koji idu uz nju mogu se svesti na najmanji postotak.
Keywordsspinal cord injury patient multidisciplinary team nurse rehabilitation
Committee MembersPavao Vlahek (committee chairperson)
Jurica Veronek (committee member)
Marijana Neuberg (committee member)
GranterUniversity North
Lower level organizational unitsUniversity centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
PlaceKoprivnica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Nursing
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-10-25
Parallel abstract (English)
Spinal cord injury is an injury that is difficult to treat and requires people a long-term physical rehabilitation. Its medical, psychological, social and economic consequences are disastrous for the patient, the family and the immediate and wider community. The consequences of spinal cord injury can be reduced by specialized rehabilitation approach of the multidisciplinary team by focusing on maximizing physical functioning. The consequences are usually very heavy and as such have multiple symptoms. The injured and the family must face the new situation with the help of the medical staff responsible for the treatment and care, and various social factors bearing the social and financial burdens due to severe disability. The rehabilitation process often leads to failure because of the inappropriate approach and dedication of the members of the multidisciplinary team, or most often because of the patient’s refusal of medical process by denying the new situation. This paper describes the importance of rehabilitation of the people with spinal cord injury as well as the way in which a multidisciplinary team, especially the nurse or the technician, contributes to the healing process and decreases complications in patients with this type of injury. In addition to many health and social complications that occur in patients with spinal cord injuries, a special focus in this paper is on the prevention of complications of the gastrointestinal tract which is a serious problem during or after the rehabilitation process. By educating the patient and the family this kind of complications and all resulting problems can be reduced to the lowest percentage.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)ozljeda kralježnične moždine pacijent multidisciplinarni tim medicinska sestra rehabilitacija
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:122:544008
CommitterJasna Kosić