No public access
undergraduate thesis
Rak vrata maternice

Dolores Furjan (2015)
University North
University centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Metadata
TitleRak vrata maternice
AuthorDolores Furjan
Mentor(s)Dinko Puntarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Rak vrata maternice je zloćudni tumor ženskih spolnih organa. Unatoč razmjerno jednostavnoj, jeftinoj i pouzdanoj dijagnostici te suvremenim spoznajama o načinu njegova nastanka i razmjerno sporog rasta i širenja još nije zadovoljen kriterij s razinom smanjenja mortaliteta i razinom znanja posebice kod mladih ljudi. Uzročnik raka vrata maternice je HPV (humani papiloma virus) koji se prenosi spolnim putem. U Hrvatskoj svake godine od raka vrata maternice oboli preko 300, a umre više od 100 žena. Većina žena koje obole vjerojatno nikada nisu napravile PAPA test ili ga nisu napravile posljednjih 5 godina. Najrizičnija skupina za obolijevanje od raka vrata maternice je od 25. do 64. godine. Simptomi su nespecifični i rijetki pa zbog toga ta bolest ostaje duže vremena nepoznata. Rak vrata maternice veliki je javnozdravstveni problem, a kako bi se to spriječilo ili svelo na što manju razinu potrebna je pravovremena edukacija mladih ljudi, potrebno je provođenje dijagnostičkih postupaka kako bi se na vrijeme otkrio, te je najpotrebnije započeti pravovremeno liječenje. Otkrivanjem početnih stadija raka, postiže se i do 90% izlječenja. Nažalost, smrtnost je još uvijek na velikoj razini, a petogodišnje preživljavanje iznosi od 50% do 60%. Liječenje raka vrata maternice sastoji se od kirurškog liječenja, kemoterapije te zračenja. Prevencija raka vrata maternice vrlo je važna u sprječavanju nastanka raka, a sastoji se od edukacija posebice mladih ljudi, upućivanja na važnost seksualne higijene, važnosti redovitih pregleda (jednom u tri godine, prema potrebi i prije i to nakon stupanja u spolni odnos, ako se primjeti neobičan iscjedak, svrbež, crvenilo, i svakako u bilo kojoj životnoj dobi ako pacijentica nikada nije bila na ginekološkom pregledu), te izbjegavanja loših zdravstvenih navika (pušenje, posebice duhana, prekomjerna tjelesna težina).
Keywordscancer uterus HPV treatment education psychological support
Committee MembersMelita Sajko
Dinko Puntarić
Aleksandra Špoljarić
GranterUniversity North
Lower level organizational unitsUniversity centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
PlaceKoprivnica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Public Health and Health Care
Public Health
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-10-12
Parallel abstract (English)
Cervical cancer is a malignancy of the female genital organs. Despite the relatively simple, cheap and reliable diagnosis and knowledge about the mode of its creation and the relatively slow growth and expansion has not satisfied the criterion of the level of reduction in mortality and level of knowledge especially among young people. The cause of cervical cancer is HPV (human papillomavirus) which is transmitted through sexual contact. In Croatia every year of cervical cancer are diagnosed more than 300, and die more than 100 women. Most women who develop probably never made a PAP test or have not made the last 5 years. Those most at risk of developing cervical cancer is 25 to 64 years. Symptoms are non-specific and rare and therefore the disease remains unknown for a long time. Cervical cancer is a major public health problem, and how to prevent it, or reduced to the lowest possible level requires timely education of young people, it is necessary to carry out the diagnostic procedures to be discovered in time, and it is most necessary to start timely treatment. Detection in early stages of cancer, achieved a 90% cure rate. Unfortunately, the mortality rate is still at high levels, and the five-year survival ranges from 50% to 60%. Treatment of cervical cancer consists of surgical therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Prevention of cervical cancer is very important in preventing cancer, and consists of training young people in particular, references to the importance of sexual hygiene, the importance of regular check-ups (once every three years, if necessary, before and after entering into a sexual relationship, if you notice an unusual discharge, itching, redness, and certainly at any age if the patient has never had a pelvic exam), and to avoid bad health habits (smoking, especially tobacco, being overweight weight).
Parallel keywords (Croatian)rak maternica HPV liječenje edukacija psihološka potpora
Resource typetext
Access conditionNo public access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:122:209576
CommitterJasna Kosić