No public access
undergraduate thesis
Leukemija

Ani Pavić (2015)
University North
University centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Metadata
TitleLeukemija
AuthorAni Pavić
Mentor(s)Dinko Puntarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Mnogi leukemiju smatraju rakom krvi, no to je ustvari rak koštane srži – „tvornice“ u kostima gdje se stvaraju krvne stanice. U većini slučajeva maligna pretvorba događa se u bijelim krvnim stanicama, premda se može dogoditi i u drugim stanicama koje sudjeluju u stvaranju krvi. U leukemiji dolazi do poremećaja mehanizma regulacije, što se očituje prekomjernim rastom i bujanjem bijelih krvnih stanica i njihovih stanica prethodnica. Maligne bijele krvne stanice ne izgledaju normalno niti izvršavaju svoju normalnu funkciju. Zbog nekontroliranog bujanja malignih stanica dolazi do potiskivanja normalnih stanica u koštanoj srži, što posljedično uzrokuje njihovu manju proizvodnju u perifernoj krvi [1]. Leukemije se primarno dijele u dvije velike grupe. Jedna grupa su akutne leukemije, a druga kronične. Svaka od tih grupa dijeli se u dva tipa, ovisno o vrsti stanica koštane srži koje su zahvaćene malignom pretvorbom leukemije se dijele na limfocitne i mijelocitne [1]. Leukemija se pojavljuje u svakoj životnoj dobi, praktički od rođenja pa do smrti. Uzrokuje više smrti od bilo kojeg drugog oblika karcinoma kod djece i mladih ispod 20 godina. Medicinska sestra ima značajnu ulogu u timu za liječenje jer je upravo ona ta koja najviše provodi vremena uz pacijenta, te je u nekim trenucima njegov jedini kontakt s vanjskim svijetom. Također, svakodnevno treba pružati moralnu potporu pacijentu i njegovoj obitelji. A kako bi tu zahtjevnu ulogu obavila profesionalno, primjenjujući individualizirani pristup pacijentu, potrebne su joj vještine, znanje i savjesnost.
Keywordsleukemia diagnosis punctates of bone marrow nurse nursing documentation
Committee MembersIvana Živoder
Dinko Puntarić
Irena Canjuga
GranterUniversity North
Lower level organizational unitsUniversity centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
PlaceKoprivnica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Public Health and Health Care
Public Health
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-01-08
Parallel abstract (English)
Leukemia is a malignant disease of the bone marrow, which is manifested by overgrowth and proliferation of white blood cells. Divided into acute and chronic leukemia, depending on the type of cells it can be lymphocytic and myelocytic. In all types of leukemia and other haematological disease symptoms are almost the same. In most cases leukemia is discovered by accident, basic suspicion are appearing while viewing cells in peripheral blood. Accurate diagnosis, so as subtype of leukemia are set after bone narrow punctation process which after gets cytomorphological, cytochemical, immunological and cytogenetic classification. Side effects are different for some patients, regardless of treatment that reduces the unfavorable effects occur to a greater or lesser extent are temporary in character. The most common are hair loss, as well as the eyebrows, eyelashes and other skin hair. Followed by nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy, as well as digestive and gastric problems due to oral therapy, which generally follows the loss of appetite. All these changes nurse watch and monitor, and record in nursing documentation.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)leukemija
Resource typetext
Access conditionNo public access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:122:997415
CommitterJasna Kosić