No public access
undergraduate thesis
Kontracepcija

Sabina Tomašić (2015)
University North
University centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Metadata
TitleKontracepcija
AuthorSabina Tomašić
Mentor(s)Dinko Puntarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Kontracepcija, poznata i pod nazivom zaštita od začeća obuhvaća postupke za sprečavanje trudnoće, odnosno njezino planiranje. Planiranje trudnoće, omogućavanje i primjena kontracepcije naziva se i planiranje obitelji. Sigurni spolni odnos, uz uporabu muškog ili ženskog kondoma, također pomaže u sprečavanju spolno prenosivih bolesti. Postupci za sprečavanje začeća koriste se od davnih vremena, no učinkovite i bezopasne metode postale su dostupne tek tijekom 20. stoljeća. U nekim kulturama se dostupnost metoda za sprečavanje začeća namjerno ograničava, jer se smatraju moralno ili politički nepoželjnima. Najučinkovitiji postupci za sprečavanje začeća u muškaraca su sterilizacija vazektomijom, a u žena podvezivanjem jajovoda, hormnoski kontraceptivi uključujući kombinirane tablete za kontracepciju te implantacijski kontraceptivi. Slijede kontracepcijski flasteri, intrauterini ulošci, vaginalni prstenovi i injekcijski kontraceptivi. Manje učinkovite metode su barijerna kontracepcijska sredstva poput prezervativa, dijafragmi, kontracepcijskih spužvi i računanja plodnih dana. Najmanje učinkovite metode su korištenje spermicida i prekinutog snošaja prije ejakulacije. Premda je najučinkovitija, sterilizacija obično nije reverzibilna, dok su sve ostale metode reverzibilne, najčešće neposredno nakon prestanka korištenja. Hitna kontracepcija može spriječiti trudnoću, ako se primijeni u prvih nekoliko dana nakon spolnog odnosa bez zaštite.
Keywordscontraception sexuality family planning
Committee MembersAleksandra Špoljarić
Dinko Puntarić
Irena Canjuga
GranterUniversity North
Lower level organizational unitsUniversity centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
PlaceKoprivnica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Public Health and Health Care
Public Health
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-10-09
Parallel abstract (English)
Contraception, also known as protection from conception, includes procedures of preventing or planning pregnancy. Pregnancy planning, enableing and application of contraceptive methods is also known as family planning. Safe sex, including the usage of male or female condoms helps to protect against sexually transmitted diseases. Contraceptive methods are used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods have become available during the 20th century. In some cultures, the availability of methods to prevent conception is limited intetionally, because it is considered morally or politically undesirable. The most effective procedures of preventing conception for males is sterilization by vasectomy, and for females tubal ligation, hormonal contraceptives including combined pills and implantable contraceptives. This methods are followed by contraceptive patches, intrauterine devices, vaginal rings and injectable contraceptives. Less effective methods are barrier contraceptives such as condoms, diaphragms, contraceptive sponges and calculating fertile days. The least effective method are the usage of spermicides and withdrawal before ejaculation. Although the most effective method, sterilization, is usually not reversible, while all other methods are, usually immediately after the usage. Emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy if applied within the first few days after unprotected sex.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)kontracepcija spolnost planiranje obitelji
Resource typetext
Access conditionNo public access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:122:789033
CommitterJasna Kosić