undergraduate thesis
Nursing care of patients with PEG

Boris Ban (2016)
University North
University centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Metadata
TitleZdravstvena njega bolesnika sa PEG sondom
AuthorBoris Ban
Mentor(s)Melita Sajko (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Perkutana endoskopska gastrostoma (PEG) je procedura umetanja sonde (cijevi) kroz trbušni zid u lumen želuca pod kontrolom gastroskopa u svrhu direktnog davanja hrane i tekućine u želudac u slučajevima kada pacijent ne može, odnosno ne smije jesti i piti na usta. Može se primijeniti kod bolesnika (odraslih i djece) kojima je nepovrijeđen i funkcionalno uredan gastrointestinalni sustav, imaju potrebu za pojačanom ili dugotrajnom enteralnom prehranom, a nisu u mogućnosti putem usta unijeti kalorijski dovoljno hrane za metaboličke potrebe. Indikaciju predstavljaju oni slučajevi kod kojih je zbog opstrukcije gornjeg dišnog ili gastrointestinalnog sustava, hranjenje NGS otežano ponavljajućim aspiracijama ili kada bolesnik sondu ne može podnositi zbog lokalnih razloga. Najčešće se koristi kod bolesnika sa cerebrovaskularnim bolestima, orofaringealnim malignitetima i motornim neuronskim bolestima. PEG je sigurna, efikasna i tehnički relativno jednostavna metoda sa vrlo malim brojem komplikacija, te vrlo dobrog poboljšanja nutritivnog statusa bolesnika. Velika je prednost perkutane sonde što može biti funkcionalna otprilike godinu dana i duže. Metoda perkutane endoskopske gastrostome - PEG prvi je puta opisana 1980. godine od Gauderera kao alternativa kirurškoj gastrostomi, posebno kod bolesnika s velikim rizikom od kirurških zahvata. Nakon ugradnje PEG-a bolesnik mora mijenjati stare životne navike, naročito u vezi prehrane, te se mora prilagođavati na nove. Pacijentu je potrebna stručna pomoć oko načina prehrane, toaleti, te komplikacijama, a tu veliku ulogu ima medicinska sestra.
KeywordsPercutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy gastroscopy enteral nutrition health care nurse
Parallel title (English)Nursing care of patients with PEG
Committee MembersMarijana Neuberg (committee chairperson)
Melita Sajko (committee member)
Nikola Bradić (committee member)
GranterUniversity North
Lower level organizational unitsUniversity centre Varaždin
Department of Biomedical Sciences
PlaceKoprivnica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Nursing
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-19
Parallel abstract (English)
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the procedure of inserting the probe (tube) through the abdominal wall into the lumen of the stomach under control gastroscope for the purpose of directly providing food and liquids into the stomach in cases where the patient can not or should not eat or drink by mouth. It can be applied in patients (adults and children) which have unscathed and functionally normal gastrointestinal system, the need for increased or prolonged enteral treatment, and are not able to take in calorically enough food for metabolic needs through the mouth. Indication represent cases in which, due to obstruction of the upper respiratory or gastrointestinal system, feeding NGS is difficult because repeating aspirations or when the patient can not tolerate the probe due to local reasons. It is commonly used in patients with cerebrovascular disease, oropharyngeal malignancy and motor neuron disease. PEG is a safe, effective and technically relatively simple method with very few complications, and very good improvement of the nutritional status of patients. A great advantage of percutaneous probes is that it can be functional for about a year or longer. The method of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy - PEG was first described in 1980 by Gauderera as an alternative to surgical gastrostomy, especially in patients with a high risk of surgical procedures. After installing the PEG patient must change old habits, especially regarding diet, and must adapt to the new. The patient is in need of professional help with diet, toilets, and complications, and the nurse has important role in it.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Perkutana endoskopska gastrostoma gastroskopija enteralna nutricija zdravstvena njega medicinska sestra
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:122:352508
CommitterJasna Kosić